Business Management and Administration careers involve using your organizational and leadership skills to plan, direct, conduct, and evaluate business operations. Whether it involves managing people, information, projects, or operations, this career cluster offers the most jobs of any in Virginia.
Management and operations research analysts study organizational systems and procedures and make recommendations to help management operate more effectively and efficiently. The future employment outlook for these occupations in Virginia looks strong. Demand for training and development managers and specialists also looks bright. These human resource professionals analyze employee training needs and plan and administer programs that improve individual and organizational performance. Administrative support positions with above-average future job growth prospects in Virginia include receptionists and information and correspondence clerks, who provide information to the general public about an organization’s activities and respond to customer inquiries regarding accounts, billing, and services. As organizations increasingly expand their digital footprints, the need for computer and information systems managers who can oversee and implement this growth will also be on the rise.
Produced by: Granby High School, Norfolk City Public Schools
Occupational Projections: 2018-2028
The Business Management and Administration cluster, Virginia’s largest, provided 591,821 jobs in Virginia in 2018. It is likely to expand by an additional 21,235 jobs by 2028, bringing its job total to 613,056. Projected statewide job growth of 3.6% within this cluster exceeds the 0.1% growth for the same occupations at the national level.
For more information on occupations in the Business Management and Administration cluster, visit Trailblazers – Career and Technical Education in Virginia(PDF).
|Top 10 Occupations by Size||2018 Estimated Number of Jobs in Virginia||2020 Median Virginia Annual Wage||Typical Education, Training, and Work Experience Requirements|
|Office Clerks, General||78,686||$34,840||Associate Degree or Some College; Training/Certification|
|Customer Service Representatives||71,577||$34,050||Associate Degree or Some College; Training/Certification|
|Management Analysts||61,910||$97,840||Bachelor's Degree; Work Experience|
|General and Operations Managers||53,546||$125,120||Bachelor's Degree; Work Experience|
|Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive||42,234||$40,570||Associate Degree or Some College; Training/Certification|
|Managers, All Other||40,419||*$133,120||Bachelor's Degree; Work Experience|
|First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers||39,517||$58,430||Associate Degree or Some College; Work Experience|
|Business Operations Specialists, All Other||34,544||*$83,232||Bachelor's Degree|
|Receptionists and Information Clerks||32,916||$30,550||Associate Degree or Some College; Training/Certification|
|Human Resources Specialists||21,601||$73,420||Bachelor's Degree|
Data Sources: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics; Virginia Employment Commission; Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service, University of Virginia
*2018 wage data
Career Cluster Planning
A resource for counselors, administrators, and educators
CTE VERSO – includes information to help local school divisions plan and schedule instructional programs. VERSO is organized by program area, with a complete listing of courses, concentration sequences, and credentials available to students as they plan for career entry and continuing education. Users may access course information by cluster or by searching for specific courses or certifications.
Information and tips for instructional leaders, administrators, counselors and teachers/faculty for creating a career pathway academic and career plan of study.
- Business Management & Administration Cluster Information
- Checklist for Developing Career Clusters Plans of Study (Word)
Sample Academic and Career Plans of Study
School divisions are asked to develop sample plans of study based on the courses offered within their schools, the employment needs of the region, and the post-high school educational opportunities needed for these careers. Once these sample plans are developed, they can be customized to the needs of individual students so that all students have the opportunity to have an individualized academic and career plan of study.
Sample Pathway Plans of Stud for Business Management & Administration:
- Administrative Support (Word)
- Business Information Management (Word)
- General Management (Word)
- Human Resources Management (Word)
- Operations Management (Word)
- Blank Plan of Study (with fields) (Word)
Also see Sample Plans of Study for all clusters and pathways.
Report: Education, Employment and Earnings: Analyzing Data from Business Management & Administration
Cluster Analysis Document for Virginia
- American Institute of Certified Public Accountants
- The Leadership Development Organization
- National Association of Legal Professionals
The Career Clusters logo and its extensions are the property of the National Career Technical Foundation, as managed by NASDCTEc. Some content on this page is from the publication, R U College & Career Ready? - 2017 Edition; and is used here with permission from the Virginia Business Publications LLC and Trailblazers in the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.