Alternative Education Programs
- Breaking Barriers – A Regional Alternative Education Program
- Carroll-Galax Regional Alternative Education Program (The RAE Center)
- Computer-Based Instruction Program and Independence Nontraditional School
- Crossroads Alternative Education Program
- Enterprise Academy
- Middle Peninsula Academic Center (iMPACt)
- Middle Peninsula Regional Alternative School Program
- Montgomery/Pulaski Counties Regional Alternative Education Program
- Northern Neck Regional Alternative Education Program
- Petersburg Regional Alternative Education Program
- Piedmont Alternative School
- Pittsylvania County/Danville City Regional Alternative School
- PROJECT BRIDGE
- Project Renew
- Project RETURN (Palmyra)
- Project Return (Powhatan)
- R.E.A.C.H. Program
- Regional Alternative Education Program (Stafford)
- Regional Alternative Education Program (Lynchburg)
- Regional Learning Academy
- Roanoke/Salem Regional Alternative Education Program
- Southeastern Cooperative Education Program
- Southside LINK
- The Regional Continuum of Alternative Education Services
- Transition Support Resource Center
- Turnaround Academy
- Valley Academy Regional Alternative School
- Wythe/Bland Alternative Education Program
Henry and Patrick Counties; Martinsville City
- Focus:The program focuses on the total student and addresses such issues as family problems, lack of motivation, peer pressures, academic, and legal troubles. It is designed to provide strong emphasis on behavior modification, teamwork, enhanced decision-making abilities, and work and study habits. Comprehensive counseling, job training, parent and community involvement are key elements of the program. Up to 31 high-risk youths, grades 6-12, can be accommodated.
- Contact: Matthew Woods, Director of Student Services
Henry County Public Schools
P. O. Box 8958
Collinsville, Virginia 24078
Carroll County and Galax City
- Focus: Two school systems, Carroll County Public Schools and Galax City Public Schools, have joined in a partnership to establish an off-campus regional alternative education program for 45-55 students in grades 7-12. Innovative features include an integrated hands-on academic curriculum, cooperative learning, applied computer technology, mentoring, and career and self-esteem counseling. The Jobs for Virginia Graduates academic courses in job readiness skills are available to all eligible RAE Center and ISAEP-GED students as a fully accredited elective class. Family preservation day treatment services are also available to eligible students.
- Contact: Shane Woods, Principal and Truancy Officer
Carroll County Public Schools
605-9 Pine St.
Hillsville, Virginia 24343
Prince William County; Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities
- Focus: Independence Nontraditional School and Computer–Based Instruction (CBI) Program are educational programs that serve between 50 to150 students throughout the school year from Prince William County Public Schools, Manassas City Schools, and Manassas Park City Public Schools at Independence Nontraditional School and a satellite location at Osbourn Park High School. Students in grades 6-12 are provided instruction that meets the student’s individual needs in the four core subject areas, as well as in art, music, physical education, and social-emotional learning, to include life skills and college and career readiness. Instruction is based on Prince William County Public Schools curriculum and the Virginia Standards of Learning objectives. Educators work with students individually or in small groups to provide grade level academic instruction, on-going support and remediation, individualized digital learning to accelerate or remediate learning, and group counseling. Student recognition and partnerships with parents and the community are integral components to programs.
- Contact: Denise M. Huebner, Associate Superintendent for Student Services and Post-Secondary Success
Prince William County Schools
P.O. Box 389
Manassas, Virginia 20112
Bristol City and Washington County
- Focus: The program, located at two sites, will serve up to 24 high-risk students in grades 7-12. Academic instruction, individual and group counseling, and a transition component are key elements. The program will help students become more self-directed learners, abstract thinkers, collaborative workers, and contributors to the community. The students will be provided instruction in technology.
- Contact: Gary Ritchie, Assistant Superintendent
Bristol City Public Schools
222 Oak St.
Bristol, Virginia 24201
Newport News, Hampton Cities, and Poquoson Cities; York and Williamsburg/James City Counties
- Focus: Enterprise Academy offers a regional alternative/transition program for students in grades 6-12 from Newport News, Hampton, York County, Williamsburg/James City County and Poquoson. Students that attend the program are either long term suspended/expelled from the traditional school setting, transitioning from juvenile correctional facilities or facing community charges. The instructional staff provides a well-balanced learning approach for all students that utilizes traditional teaching methods as well as technology options to meet the academic needs of a diverse population of students. Goals include but are not limited to:: preparing students to return to the traditional school setting, modifying any negative student behaviors/habits, increasing student academic achievement, exposing students to various college and career options, promoting the development of positive self-esteem as well as personal and community responsibility. Academic and behavior management programs are designed to create a learning environment that prioritizes safety, structure and becoming ''smart''. A school dress code adds a dimension of commitment to the program. An incentive program has been designed to reward students for good behavior and to encourage academic success. The staff works collaboratively with the parents to ensure a positive and impactful school experience.
- Contact: Mr. Roscoe Coles, Principal
813 Diligence Drive, Suite 110
Newport News, Virginia 23606
Richmond City; Hanover and Henrico Counties
- Focus: The participating school divisions have established a regional alternative education program serving 41 students in grades 6-12. The facility is located at St. Joseph’s Villa, a local private educational agency in Richmond. The goals of the program are to improve deficient academic skills, help students with positive decision-making and social skills, improve educational progress, and positively engage the students with the community. This program is designed with the intent of providing a comprehensive academic curriculum aligned with the Virginia Standards of Learning while maintaining a low teacher to student ratio. The web-based software program Ingenuity gives students the opportunity to graduate. Additionally, a social development curriculum empowers students to effectively manage their personal behaviors. This supports to improve interactions with peers, parents, guardians, and others. This is a learning environment is staffed by trained educators. These individuals employ an academic and behavior management program that prioritizes safety, security, order, and structure. A behavioral management system rewards desired behaviors while reasonable and relevant consequences are imposed to discourage actions that are inconsistent with school standards. Students also have the opportunity to participate in school athletics through the Richmond Alternative Schools Sports League which for many is the first time they have participated in organized sports. Communication regularly with stakeholder groups about the program’s progress is key towards meeting stated goals and objectives.
- Contact: Laura J. Faulcon, Ed.S.
Director, Secondary Success Pathways
Richmond Public Schools
Phone: (804) 584-3159
- Alternate Contact: Matthew Kreydatus
Director, Career at Transitions Services
St. Joseph's Villa
Phone: (804) 553-3224
King William, Gloucester, Mathews, Middlesex, New Kent, Essex, and King and Queen Counties; Town of West Point
- Focus: iMPACt provides an alternative approach to education for students who are not successful in the traditional
school setting. An after school program, operating four days per week, has been established at the Gloucester
site. The program components include small-group instruction with individualized assistance. Strong emphasis is
placed on reading, writing, and behavior modification. Middle School students receive direct instruction from
licensed/provisionally licensed teachers. High school students use an online program with support from teachers
in the program for all classes. This program serves at risk, expelled, and long-term suspended students with
chronic behavior problems in grades 6-12.
The King William site has implemented a day program operating 5 days per week during regular school hours and will continue to provide small group instruction with individualized assistance in core academic subjects. In addition, this site offers an alternative approach to academics for students who may not be experiencing success in the traditional school setting or may be at risk for dropping out of school prior to graduation. Qualified students may also select to study and prepare for their GED through this program. The use of online curriculum will assist with accelerating or remediating learning as needed and will provide additional elective courses as students work to transition back to their home school. Emphasis will be placed on reading, writing, math, behavior modification, character education/conflict resolution, and credit recovery to increase student achievement. An extensive partnership between the school divisions, local businesses, and community-based organizations has been established. A dress code is followed and serves as another aspect of commitment to our program. Parents are expected to be involved in their student's education and are expected to attend an intake meeting, sign an agreement with their child stating they will follow the rules and guidelines of the program, and attend conferences to discuss their child’s academic future.
- Contact: Shelley Nester, Director of Alternative Education
King William County Schools
80 Cavalier Drive
King William, Virginia 23086
Phone: 804-769-3434, ext. 615
Montgomery and Pulaski Counties
- Focus: The program provides a comprehensive alternative education program for at-risk middle and high school youths in Montgomery and Pulaski counties. The program at Montgomery Central provides an alternative to out-of-school suspension for middle and high school students and a therapeutic education program for at-risk students in grades 6-12. The alternative program site in Pulaski County is called the Cougar Center, and it offers a variety of programs including in-school suspension and an at-risk program serving high school students who are in danger of dropping out of school prior to graduation.
- Contact: Mike Stanley
Principal of Alternative Programs
208 College St.
Christiansburg, VA 24073
Westmoreland, Northumberland, and Richmond Counties, Town of Colonial Beach
- Focus: The program is designed for 36 students in grades 6-12 and establishes options for students who no longer have access to school. An accelerated, individualized instructional program, offering a small pupil teacher ratio, is a key element of the program that is housed at the Northern Neck Regional Vocational Center. Goals include preparing students to return to the traditional school setting, promoting the development of self-esteem, personal and community responsibility, and family involvement.
- Contact: Todd H. Davis, Assistant Principal
Northern Neck Regional Alternative Center
13946 Historyland Highway
Warsaw, Virginia 22572
Petersburg, Colonial Heights, Hopewell Cities; Dinwiddie, Prince George, and Sussex Counties
- Focus: The school systems have contracted with a private-sector company, Specialized Youth Services of Virginia, Inc., to establish a regional alternative education program which accentuates opportunities for academic success and improvement of social skills. A "whole person" approach, addressing behavioral, cognitive, emotional, physical, familial, and social skills, is used to meet the development of each student. Employment readiness instruction is integrated into the program, and job placement assistance is available for students of appropriate age. The program can accommodate 28 students, grades 6-12.
- Contact: Kimberly Lindblad, Director
Specialized Youth Services of Virginia, Inc.
455 Old Wagner Road
Petersburg, Virginia 23805
Nottoway, Amelia, Buckingham, Charlotte, Cumberland, Lunenburg and Prince Edward Counties
- Focus: The program, located at the Amelia-Nottoway Technical Center jointly governed by a Joint Board of Amelia and Nottoway Counties physically located in Nottoway, provides an alternative setting for up to 77 students, grades 6-12. The main objectives of the program are to increase opportunities for each student for academic success through educational interventions and teaching methods; prepare students to return to the traditional educational setting; assess students vocationally and match them with a vocation area; empower the student through consistent behavior management; provide conflict resolution strategies; and create opportunities for team building. Parental involvement is strongly promoted and recommended.
- Contact: Marcia Martin
Director of Instruction, Grants & Technology
Nottoway County Public Schools
PO BOX 47
Nottoway, Virginia 23955
Pittsylvania County and Danville City
- Focus: The school is designed to assure that students receive an opportunity to change behavior and return to the "real school world." The program provides a setting that has high expectations for both academic and behavioral success. These expectations are communicated to teachers, parents, and students. The school follows the 180 day year calendar and offers individual instruction as needed for students in all core courses including those students placed with an individual education plan. The faculty and staff have created a schoolwide discipline plan to help students focus on positive behaviors. A school dress code adds a dimension of commitment to the program. An incentive program has been designed to reward students for good behavior and to assure academic success. All students are expected to pass the Virginia Standards of Learning and to complete course work and return to their school in both good academic standing and with a new approach to positive conduct in a regular school environment. Parents are expected to be involved in the education of their children, provide transportation on a daily basis, and attend conferences to discuss and plan their child's academic future.
- Contact: Deborah Powell, Principal
Pittsylvania County Public Schools
956 Woodlawn Academy Road
Chatham, Virginia 24531
Russell and Tazewell Counties
- Focus: The program serves approximately 500 students in grades 4-12 who chronically disrupt regular classes, considered at-risk of becoming a drop-out, intentionally injure another student, are truant, have returned from a correctional facility, need credit recovery, or have drug, weapon, or alcohol charges. The program provides alternative teaching and learning methods including the use of online curriculum to meet the needs of students so they can transition back into the regular school or earn a diploma and transition into the world of work. While at school, some students receive counseling services on a daily basis from a private counseling group. A research-based program is used to create teamwork, improve focus and concentration, and build self-esteem and leadership skills. Career and character building programs are also offered to the students on a weekly basis. School facilities are used except in instances where it is necessary to separate students and instruct them at home. Students may elect to take career and technology classes. The day program, after-school program, and recovery program are used in creating “alternative methods to success.”
- Contact: Mike Roberson, Regional Administrator of Alternative Programs
Russell County Public Schools
P. O. Box 8
Lebanon, Virginia 24266
Northampton and Accomack Counties
- Focus: Located at two sites (Northampton and Accomack), the program in Northampton can accommodate up to 20 students in grades 7-12; while the program in Accomack County can accommodate up to 15 students in grades 9-12. The instructional targets for both programs focus on skills associated with goal setting, parental involvement, decision-making, counseling, and instructional progress. Collaboration with community agencies to assist in appropriately addressing the varied needs of the students served is a significant component of both programs. Additional supports may include academic and behavioral support and assistance with medication management as warranted. The ultimate goal for students served in the programs is to transition to their home school or transition successfully into the world of work after achieving their diploma which may include successful completion of a GED.
- Contact: Melinda Phillips, Administrative Services Specialist
Northampton County Public Schools
7207 Young St.
Machipongo, Virginia 23405
Phone: 757-678-5151 Ext. 2013
Fluvanna, Alleghany Highlands, Bath, Botetourt, Buchanan, Charles City, Clarke, Craig, Culpeper, Floyd, Franklin, Giles, Grayson, Greene, Halifax, Highland, Lancaster, Madison, Orange, and Shenandoah Counties; Radford City
- Focus: Project RETURN was formed to assist school divisions in addressing the educational, social, and emotional needs of students who require an alternative educational program. Selected students from each locality receive instruction through the Project RETURN model. The model allows the locality to provide instruction at home or within the local alternative education center using the best in available software and online curriculum. The mentor teacher, in collaboration with the sending home school staff, develop an individualized academic program based on the student's ability level and the appropriate Virginia Standards of Learning. The ultimate goal is the student's successful transition into the regular academic setting. The program can involve up to 75 students in grades K-12.
- Contact: Dr. Don F. Stribling II, Executive Director
Human Resources, Operations, and Student Services
Fluvanna County Public Schools
14455 James Madison Highway
Palmyra, Virginia 22963
Fax Number: 434-589-5393
Powhatan, Goochland, and Louisa Counties
- Focus: Existing alternative programs in the three school divisions have been expanded to work with expelled and suspended students or those in the stages before referral for long-term suspension or expulsion. These programs serve a potential of 55 high-risk students in grades K-12. Each program offers a different instructional approach. One program targets study skills, character education, employment skills, and also offers after school tutoring. The second offers an after-school program, and the third program provides home instruction or Saturday school. The outcome for all three programs is for students to progress satisfactory and be able to re-enter the regular school program, or obtain a General Educational Development (GED), or certificate of completion from the alternative education program.
- Contact: Katie Wojcicki, Director of Pupil Personnel Services
Powhatan County Schools
2320 Skaggs Road
Powhatan, Virginia 23139.
Scott, Lee, and Smyth Counties
- Focus: Located at three sites, the program accommodates up to students in the day program in Scott County. Smyth County serves up to 46 high-risk students during the academic day and after-school hours. All sites serve high-risk pupils in grades 6-12. Computer-assisted instruction augments both the academic and career/technical components of the program. The program involves parents and community agencies.
- Contact: Scott County Public Schools
340 E. Jackson St.
Gate City, Virginia 24251
Stafford, Caroline, King George, and Spotsylvania Counties; Fredericksburg City
- Focus: The school divisions within Planning District 16 have created a regional program at an off-school site so that students who are at risk of long term suspension or have been long term suspended or expelled from school can be offered educational services and will not be at-large and unsupervised during the school day. A counseling component is an important part of the program that also includes community outreach and involvement. A vast majority of students take core academic courses to meet Standards of Learning (SOL) and graduation requirements. In addition an Individual Student Alternative Education Plan (ISAEP) and General Educational Development (GED) component are available for students aged 16 and 17 who meet appropriate entrance requirements. The program can serve approximately 150 students in grades 9-12 during the course of the school year. A family intake meeting is required, and students and parents are required to sign an agreement stating that they will abide by the rules and guidelines of the program.
- Contact: Thomas Nichols, Chief Secondary Officer
Stafford County Public Schools
31 Stafford Ave.
Stafford, Virginia 22554
Lynchburg City; Amherst, Appomattox, Bedford, and Nelson Counties
- Focus: Fort Hill Community School is an educational program that serves approximately 290 students in grades 6-12 during the school year. Located in Lynchburg, this alternative program includes Amherst, Appomattox, Bedford, and Nelson counties. Students may be placed in this regional program for a variety of needs including: anxiety, depression, school phobia, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, ADHD, parental request, disciplinary concerns, as well as academic needs. Fort Hill Community School focuses on the individual needs of each student in all four core subject areas as well as electives. Teachers in the middle school program provide direct instruction for students while teachers in the high school program utilize learning packets and blended instruction. Direct instruction is provided in the areas of English and mathematics. Collaboration between families, base schools, and public agencies is essential to this program as well as community partnerships. "Every child, by name and by need, to graduation" is the program's mission statement.
- Contact:Tracy Piestrak, Student Services
Lynchburg City Public Schools
915 Court St.
P. O. Box 2497
Lynchburg, Virginia 24505-2497
Wise and Dickenson Counties; Norton City
- Focus: Three school systems participate in the Regional Learning Academy (RLA) in Wise County. The RLA offers an off-campus educational program to violent and disruptive youth in grades 8-12. Most students are scheduled to attend the RLA program for one semester or one year, depending on the severity of the behavior and improvements made while in the program. The program can accommodate at least 59 students during the school year. The RLA program maintains a low teacher-pupil ratio for individualized instruction to help students work toward a standard diploma. Character education is integrated into the program and we work on training skills via computer courses. The RLA utilizes an in-school guidance counselor as well as outside counselors and mentors to address students’ behavioral and social needs. After a successful predetermined placement time in the RLA program, a student may return to his/her home school or transition via another educational county program (AEC) if the student has achieved a successful evaluation on his/her academic and behavioral progress.
- Primary Contact: Dr. Daniel Roop, Principal
Regional Learning Academy
Wise County Public Schools
515 Hurricane Road, Building B
(P.O. Box 660)
Wise, VA 24293
Phone: (276) 321-0051
Fax: (276) 328-4456
- Secondary Contact: Mrs. Jennifer Fleming, Teacher
Regional Learning Academy
Wise County Public Schools
515 Hurricane Road, Building B
(P.O. Box 660)
Wise, VA 24293
Phone: (276) 328-7138
Fax: (276) 328-4456
Roanoke and Salem Cities, Roanoke County
- Focus: The project focuses on the total student and includes the following components: curriculum content, teaching techniques, computer integration, counseling programs, parental participation, staff development, and evaluation. A major goal of the program is that students will not commit new acts of misconduct during or following exit from the program. Students who are academically delayed have the opportunity to participate in an accelerated academic program. Achievement in academics and behavior are required for students to return to their home schools. A community service component permits students to improve social development. High-risk youths in grades 7-12 and the General Education Development (GED) program can be placed in the program.
- Contact: Lori Wimbush, Assistant Superintendent of Secondary Education
Roanoke City Public Schools
40 Douglass Ave., NW
Roanoke, VA 24012
Norfolk, Chesapeake, Franklin, Portsmouth, Suffolk, and Virginia Beach Cities; Isle of Wight and Southampton Counties
- Focus: The Tidewater Regional Alternative Educational Program is an academic program for students in grades 6-12. A core curriculum of English, social studies, math and science are linked to the Standards of Learning (SOL’s) as established by the Virginia Department of Education. Credit-bearing classes, GED instruction and literacy remediation provide a continuum of educational options to the student. Elective courses are available as part of a state approved computer-based curriculum. Students receive daily social skills training. This training is provided in a group setting and utilizes the Skillstreaming Curriculum. Students are required to model, practice, and role-play a range of pro-social skill behaviors that will help them to successfully reintegrate to the regular school setting or community.
- Contact: David Sadler, Executive Director
Southeastern Cooperative Educational Program
6160 Kempsville Circle, 300B
Norfolk, Virginia 23502
Brunswick, Greensville, and Mecklenburg Counties
- Focus: The alternative learning center is an alternative day program for students in grades 6 through 12 who, due to behavior issues, are unable to attend their regular or base school. The center has the capacity of serving 43 students using a non-traditional academic program offering English, mathematics, social studies, science, and vocational education following a diploma track plan. Technology is integrated into the curriculum, and individual or group counseling services are available.
- Contact: Tracey Rogers, Assistant Superintendent
Brunswick County Public Schools
1718 Farmers Field Road
Lawrenceville, Virginia 23868
Fauquier and Rappahannock Counties
- Focus:Fauquier and Rappahannock school systems are regional partners in their alternative education programs. There
are two (2) alternative learning programs in Fauquier located at Southeastern Alternative School. The first program serves students in grades 6 -12 who have been long-term suspended, expelled, or disciplinarily sanctioned on alternative placement as recommended by the superintendent / designee and/or school board. Students complete courses using asynchronous, online curriculum and receive counseling services, as appropriate, as immediate intervention. The second program serves similar students in grades 7-12 who require face-to-face, hands-on, interactive instructional approach and are placed in classes with low student to teacher ratios. Located in Rappahannock County, a third alternative program is designed to meet the needs of students on long- term suspension or expulsion. The program is a school within a school model where students work on an online curriculum to continue credit accumulation.
- Contact: Dr. Michelle Neibauer, Principal
Southeastern Alternative School
Fauquier County Public Schools
4484 Catlett Road
Midland, Virginia 22728
Fairfax County and Alexandria City Schools
- Focus: Fairfax County Public Schools hosts the Transition Support Resource Center (TSRC) programs at several locations throughout the county. The TSRC programs use a blended instructional model. The learning environment consists of Schoology and Edmentum, a Virginia Department of Education approved online curriculum aligned with the Virginia Standards of Learning, combined with direct instruction following the Fairfax program of studies for each course. These programs are designed to provide continued educational opportunities for students in grades 9-12 and on an individualized basis for students in middle school. In addition, supplemental texts, project-based learning, and materials are designed to enhance the learning experience for each student. Through the use of success-oriented teaching methods and materials, small class size, a modified school day, and a structured environment, these programs facilitate the students' positive growth and development in both academic and social skills. Special education accommodations are available at all sites, and individual plans are developed to determine and meet the needs of students with disabilities to access instruction in the small group TSRC setting. Placement recommendations to the TSRC program are made by school counselors, parent request, or by the school board, the Hearings Office, or by an IEP team following a hearing. Students must provide their own transportation. Alexandria City Public Schools students attend the Bryant Alternative High School location.
Brandon Morehead, Administrator
Dan Porter, Assistant Administrator
Alison Cordo, Assistant Administrator
Dave Penland, Assistant Administrator
Interagency Alternative School Programs
Fairfax County Public Schools
8270 Willow Oaks Corporate Drive, 3rd floor
Fairfax, Virginia 22031
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
Buena Vista and Lexington Cities; Rockbridge County
- Focus: The regional alternative school accommodates students in grades 8-12. The program is a computer-based program combined with direct teaching by a highly-qualified teacher and special education teacher. Each student is provided with an educational plan with emphasis on academic, behavior, and attendance requirements.
- Contact: Sherrie Wheeler, Director of Administration and Secondary Education
Buena Vista City Public Schools
2329 Chestnut Ave., Suite A
Buena Vista, Virginia 24416
Harrisonburg and Waynesboro Cities; Augusta County
- Focus: The goal of Valley Academy is to provide a non-traditional school experience in an environment that encourages both the academic and personal growth of all students.
- Contact: Wayne “C.J.” Van Devander, Director
Waynesboro Public Schools
59 John Lewis Road
Fishersville, VA 22939
Wythe and Bland Counties
- Focus:Wythe County and Bland County school divisions are regional partners providing two alternative learning programs at the Wythe County Technology Center for grades 6-12. Both programs provide access to the core curriculum of English, mathematics, science, and social studies, as well as some online electives and GED instruction. The “New Horizons” daytime program objectives are to increase the number of students staying in school, improve attendance, reduce the number of suspensions, increase the passing rate in academic classes, provide credit recovery opportunities, and provide an accelerated academic program for students who have fallen behind their graduation cohort. The “Alternative Night School” program is an alternative education program established in a non-traditional school setting. It provides a low teacher-pupil ratio, setting high expectations in academic and behavior modifications, while meeting the needs of a diverse population of students. The ultimate goal of both programs is to successfully transition students into the regular academic setting or acquire a diploma and/or other credentials to be college or career ready.
- Contact: Dr. Rebecca James, Executive Director of Curriculum and Instruction
Wythe County Public Schools
1570 W. Reservoir St.
Wytheville, Virginia 24382
Updated July 2017