Instruction in Virginia's public schools is guided by the Standards of Learning. The standards describe the commonwealth's expectations for student learning and achievement in grades K-12 in English, mathematics, science, history and social science, technology, the fine arts, foreign language, health and physical education and driver education.
The commonwealth and its public schools also provide specialized instruction and programs for gifted students, students with disabilities, English language learners and children in schools serving economically disadvantaged communities.
Virginia Literacy Act
With the passage of the Virginia Literacy Act (VLA) in the 2022 General Assembly, Virginia is taking the lead nationwide to improv early literacy outcomes for Virginia’s young learners. Through the VLA, the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) will support school divisions through a multi-year effort with tools, resources, technical assistance and funding.
High Expectations and Excellence for All Students
Read Superintendent of Public Instruction Jillian Balow's report to Governor Glenn Youngkin-This is a PDF document. on empowering parents and teachers and restoring high expectations and excellence for all Virginia students and schools.
Stay Informed with TeacherDirect
TeacherDirect provides a direct line of communication with classroom teachers and educators. TeacherDirect includes information about new instructional resources created by VDOE staff as well as professional development, grant opportunities, and other information of special interest to teachers and their students.
Virtual Teaching & Learning Hub
Visit the Virtual Teaching & Learning Hub to discover best practices for supporting virtual learning, find tips on lesson planning and assessment strategies, and access professional learning resources.
Virginia teachers, school administrators and content specialists may serve on various Instruction Committees. Committee type and times will vary, and may include: Standards of Learning Review, Textbook Review and Support Materials Development. VDOE encourages educators to participate in this process.
- Model Policies Concerning Instructional Materials with Sexually Explicit Content - In response to Senate Bill 656 enacted by the 2022 Virginia General Assembly, the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) developed Model Policies Concerning Instructional Materials with Sexually Explicit Content-This is a PDF document.. Senate Bill 656 requires that local school boards shall, no later than January 1, 2023, adopt policies consistent with, or more comprehensive than, the model policies developed by VDOE.
- Alternatives to the 140 Clock-hour Requirement Guidelines – October 2015, the Virginia Board of Education approved Guidelines for Graduation Requirements: Local Alternative Paths to Standard Units of Credit (Alternatives to the 140 Clock-hour Requirement) (PDF). For more information, see Superintendent's Memo 271-15.
- Computer Science Guidelines – January 2015, the Virginia Board of Education approved Guidelines for the Use of Computer Science Courses to Satisfy Graduation Requirements (PDF). For more information, see Superintendent's Memo 022-15.
- Concussion Guidelines – November 2016, the Virginia Board of Education approved Guidelines For Policies on Concussions in Students (PDF).