Speech-language impairments can impact the way a student communicates. Speech errors include errors when producing specific sounds that are not a result of normal development or language acquisition, dysfluency (stuttering), or motor speech issues. Students may also receive therapy for improving the understanding and use of spoken or written language, pragmatics, and meta-linguistic skills. Students with swallowing disorders or dysphagia can also receive services from speech-language pathologists (SLP) in Virginia public schools.
Students must meet Virginia eligibility criteria to be found eligible for services as a student with a speech language impairment or can receive speech-language therapy as a related service if included in the student’s IEP. For general information on related services visit the related services page.
- Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) Services in the Schools: Guidelines for Best Practice
- SLP Services in the Schools: Guidelines for Best Practice (2018) - ADA Compliant Word Version
- SLP Services in the Schools: Guidelines for Best Practice (2018) - Original PDF Version
- SLP Services in Schools: Guidelines for Best Practice (2011) Revised Pages Only-This is a PDF document. - This PDF contains only revised pages 6, 7 and 98. This can be printed and used to replace the three outdated pages.
Evidence Based Practice (EBP)
- Talking EBP – This project is funded in part by a grant from VDOE. Subscribe to a free, digital newsletter that provides updates to SLPs twice each year. Information that is relevant to evidence based practices (EBP) in schools is summarized in a quick and easy to read format. The newsletter addresses practice issues related to serving students in public schools from 2 to 21 years of age. Issues include relevant research that focuses on EBP highlights for a variety of communication deficits.
- Spring 2019 Talking EBP (Stuttering and Expository Intervention)-This is a Word document.
- Fall 2018 Talking EBP-This is a Word document.
- Spring 2018 Talking EBP-This is a Word document.
- Fall 2017 Talking EBP-This is a Word document.
- Spring 2017 Talking EBP (PDF)
- Fall 2016 Talking EBP (PDF)
- Spring 2016 Talking EBP (PDF)
- Fall 2015 Talking EBP (PDF)
- Spring 2015 Talking EBP (PDF)
- Fall 2014 Talking EBP (PDF)
- Spring 2014 Talking EBP (PDF)
- Fall 2013 Talking EBP (PDF)
- 2013 Special Topic Issue Talking EBP (PDF)
- Spring 2013 Talking EBP (PDF)
- Fall 2012 Talking EBP (PDF)
- Spring 2012 Talking EBP (PDF)
- Fall 2011 Talking EBP (PDF)
- Spring 2011 Talking EBP (PDF)
- Evaluating Evidence from Internet Searches-This is a Word document. – A list of questions to consider when reviewing internet information.
- Web Site Review Checklist-This is a Word document. – A checklist to assist SLPs is evaluating assessment and treatment information obtained from the internet.
VDOE Language Resources
- Writing Skills Progression by Grade (PDF)
- Grammar Skills Progression by Grade (PDF)
- English SOL Vocabulary Resources
- Virginia’s Foundation Blocks For Early Learning: Comprehensive Standards for Four-Year-Olds-This is a Word document.
Comprehensive Assessment Resources
- Comprehensive Assessment Reference Card
- 2018 Four Additional Tests
- Narrative Analysis for Picture Prompted Stories (PDF)
- School Age Language Measure (SLAM) Cards (PDF)
- Sampling Utterances Grammatical Analysis Revisited (SUGAR) Protocol-This is a Word document. (Word)
- SUGAR Norms for Children Ages 3:0 to 7:11-This is a Word document. (Word)
- Determining the Diagnostic Accuracy of Tests of Children’s Language-This is a PDF document. (PDF)
With advancements in medical technologies improving survival rates and changes in health provision limiting access to medical treatments, more children with swallowing problems are being directed to the public schools for services. Professional Development in this area is available from the VDOE. Visit American Speech-Language-Hearing Association for more information about serving students with dysphagia in the public schools.
Recruitment & Retention Resources
- Communication Sciences and Disorders Programs in Virginia (Word)
- SLP Assistants (PDF) – The special education staffing requirements (Virginia Special Education Regulations, 8 VAC 20-80-45) do not include a paraprofessional for speech-language caseloads. They are not allowed to practice independently and must be supervised by qualified staff.
Professional Development for SLPs
- Professional Development for SLPs – Free online professional development offerings are provided on a variety of topics. Government sponsored professional development may be used to meet licensure requirements and ASHA certification maintenance hour requirements but are not offered for ASHA CEUs.
- Evaluation and Eligibility for Speech-Language Services in Schools – ASHA Perspectives: publication of Special Interest Group 16: School Based Issues
- ASHA Schools Virtual Town Hall
- K-5 Language Development Milestones
- Beginning with Babble – mobile app for parents and caregivers with children from zero to four years old. The app reminds caregivers to interact with their children through a variety of developmentally appropriate stimuli and ideas.
- Language Development and Literacy Handouts
- Audiogram of Familiar Sounds (English and Spanish)
- Iowa DOE Effective Communication Decision Tree
- American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)
- Speech-Language-Hearing Association of Virginia (SHAV)
- Virginia Board of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology
- Virginia Healthcare Workforce Data Results: Audiology-This is a PDF document.
- Virginia Healthcare Workforce Data Results: Speech-Language Pathology-This is a PDF document.
- VA Relay – Virginia Relay enables people who are deaf, hard of hearing, deafblind, or speech disabled to communicate by TTY or another assistive telephone device with anyone who uses a standard phone.