Work-based learning (WBL) is a school-coordinated, coherent sequence of on-the-job experiences that are related to students’ career goals and/or interests, are based on instructional preparation, and are performed in partnership with local businesses, industries, or other organizations in the community. Work-based learning enables students to apply classroom instruction in a real-world business or service-oriented work environment.
Career and Technical Education Work-Based Learning Guide (PDF) is based on the redesigned work-based learning (WBL) methods of instruction. This implementation guide focuses on the eight types of work-based learning (WBL) methods of instruction used in Virginia; job shadowing, mentorship, service learning, internship, clinical experience, cooperative education, youth registered apprenticeship, and registered apprenticeship. It includes Virginia regulations and guidelines for the administration of WBL and provides training materials for teacher-coordinators. School divisions should use this guide to implement WBL offerings locally. See Superintendent’s Memo 184-14 for more information.
The chart and descriptions for the methods of instruction on pages 3- 5 and 7- 8 have been updated to include youth registered apprenticeship and registered apprenticeship.
Federal and State Labor Laws for Youth Work-Based Learning – Know the Rules-This is a PDF document. (PDF) is a resource that compares federal and state labor laws for nonagricultural and agricultural occupations, parental exemption, and prohibited and hazardous occupations as they relate to youth work-based learning.
A Strategic Review of Work-Based Learning in Virginia, Expanding Opportunities for Students (PDF). This report is an initiative to reassess and revitalize the WBL opportunities offered to Virginia’s career and technical education (CTE) students. The purposes of the review are to redefine the WBL methods used to provide on-the-job experiences for students and to refocus WBL procedures and guidelines. See Superintendent’s Memo 092-14 for more information.
The descriptions for the methods of instruction on pages 7 and 8 have been updated to included youth registered apprenticeship and registered apprenticeship.
Work-Based Learning Methods of Instruction
There are eight different WBL methods of instruction currently practiced in Virginia – job shadowing, mentorship, internship, service learning, clinical experience, cooperative education, youth registered apprenticeship, and registered apprenticeship. These can be grouped into three categories with three different primary goals – career exploration, pre-professional development, and career preparation. How the eight methods group into the three categories and how they compare are shown in the comparison chart (PDF).
Required Work-Based Learning Forms for Career-Preparation WBL Experiences
Training agreements and training plans are required for career-preparation WBL experiences. Furthermore, some type of written plan is helpful for organizing and planning all other types of WBL experiences to ensure student success.
- Student Training Agreement (Word) – This is a required, formal document signed by the teacher-coordinator, school administrator, employer, parent and student that states the policies affecting the students participating in clinical experience, student apprenticeship or cooperative education. School divisions that develop local forms must include all asterisked (*) items to be in compliance with the Virginia Department of Labor and all parties listed above.
- Training Plan form (Word) – This is a required, formal document that identifies classroom and on-the-job instruction, which contributes to the employability of a clinical experience, student apprenticeship or cooperative education student. The form must be developed individually for each student.
- Training Plan form for Business (Word) – A training plan is a required, formal document that identifies classroom and on-the-job instruction that contributes to the employability of a business cooperative education student. The form must be developed individually for each student. To assist WBL teacher-coordinators, this form has identified many of the tasks/duties required of office employees. To individualize the form, teacher-coordinators place a check by the tasks that the student will perform on the job. If only a few of the tasks apply, the teacher-coordinator should go to the Career and Technical Education website and use the blank form to develop the plan.
Work-Based Learning Optional Sample Forms
In order to administer various work-based learning methods of instruction, sample forms have been created and saved in Word format so they can be manipulated by the work-based learning coordinator for local use.Procedures & Experiences
- Training Sponsor Survey (Word)
- Training Sponsor Interest Survey – Introductory Letter (Word)
- Student Interest Survey (Word)
- Checklist for Evaluation of WBL Promotion Plan (Word)
- Letter to Parents (Word)
- Student Application for Admittance (Word)
- School Counselor Interest Form (Word)
- Teacher Recommendation Form (Word)
- Interview Evaluation Form (Word)
- Summary Sheet – Student Selection and Placement (Word)
- Training Station Evaluation Checklist (Word)
- Introduction Card (Word)
- Workplace Orientation Checklist (Word)
- Parent-Guardian Agreement for Career Preparation WBL (Word)
- Weekly Planning Calendar (Word)
- Monthly Plan and Report (Word)
- Invitation to Training Sponsor Function (Word)
- Certificate of Appreciation for Training Sponsor (Word)
- Training Sponsor Luncheon – Script (Word)
- Training Sponsor Luncheon – Student Guidelines (Word)
- Checklist-Training Sponsor Appreciation Activity (Word)
Experience Works – A Convening of Business Leaders and Educators
This convening brings together business, industry, and educators and focused on building positive WBL experiences for CTE students throughout the Commonwealth. Highlights include: concurrent sessions featuring exemplary WBL programs, strategic discussions between business leaders and educators and a selection of eight industry tours in the Greater Richmond area.
June 19-20, 2019
- A Convening of Business Leaders and Educators – Superintendent’s Memo 075-19
- Draft Agenda-This is a Word document.
- Industry Tour Descriptions-This is a Word document.
June 20-21, 2018
- A Convening of Business Leaders and Educators – Superintendent's Memo 075-18
- 2018 Experience Works Industry Tour Descriptions-This is a Word document.
June 27-28, 2017
- 2017 Experience Works Program-This is a PDF document. (PDF)Cybersecurity Panel
- Walter Dula, Accenture Federal Services, Security Associate Manager-This is a PPT presentation. (PPT)
- Giles Ring, Virginia Credit Union, IT Security Engineering Manager-This is a PPT presentation. (PPT)
- Dos and Don’ts of Clinical Rotations and Regulations, Laws and Ethics in Health and Medical Sciences – Clinical Experience-This is a PPT presentation. (PPT)
Charlette N. Ridout, RN, MS, CNE, Senior Nursing Education Consultant, Virginia Board of Nursing
- Career Opportunities in Information Technology and Cybersecurity at the U. S. Department of Homeland Security – Job Shadowing, Mentoring, and Internship-This is a PDF document. (PDF)
Justin Graves, Management & Program Analyst Information Technology Services, U. S. Department of Homeland Security
- All Aspects of Cooperative Education – Cooperative Education-This is a PPT presentation. (PPT)
Teresa Harrington, Instructor, Family and Consumer Sciences, Virginia Beach Public Schools
- Virginia Bankers Association Bank Day Scholarship Program – Job Shadowing-This is a PDF document. (PDF)
Monica McDearmon, Communications & Financial Literacy Coordinator, Virginia Bankers Association
- Improving Student Outcomes with No Cost Technologies-This is a PPT presentation. (PPT)
Jerald Hunter, Senior Education Specialist, U. S. Army
- School-to-Work, Work Adjustment Training Program-This is a PPT presentation. (PPT)
John Dougherty, Vice President of Community Workforce
Goodwill of Central Virginia
- Learning Program and Talent Management Outreach Efforts for Students –Internship-This is a PPT presentation. (PPT)
Rick Mason, Talent Program Coordinator, Talent Management Program, Human Resources Division, Virginia Department of Transportation
- Information Security/Cybersecurity in the World of Finance-This is a PPT presentation. (PPT)
Giles Ring, IT Security Engineering Manager, Virginia Credit Union
- Equation for Success: Student Achievement + Hands-On Service Learning Experiences = Success-This is a PPT presentation. (PPT)
Cynthia Lucero=Chavez, Community Involvement Specialist, Stafford County Public Schools
- Cyber: Connect the Dots-This is a PPT presentation. (PPT)
Walter Dula, Security Associate Manager, Accenture Federal Services
- Apprenticeship Panel-This is a PPT presentation. (PPT)
Patricia Morrison, Director, Division of Registered Apprenticeships, Virginia Department of Labor and Industry
Kathleen Eddington, Assistant Director, Division of Registered Apprenticeships, Virginia Department of Labor and Industry
Dr. Thomas W. Cecere, Apprenticeship-Related Instruction Specialist, Division of Registered Apprenticeships, Virginia Department of Labor and Industry
State & Federal Child Labor Laws
- Federal Child Labor Laws-This is a PPT presentation. (PPT)
- Timothy J. Trivett, Senior Investigator, Wage and Hour Division, U. S. Department of Labor
- State Child Labor Laws-This is a PPT presentation. (PPT)
- Robert G. Armstrong, Operations Manager, Labor and Employment Law Division, Virginia Department of Labor and Industry
- State Selected Labor Laws Handout-This is a PDF document. (PDF)
June 28-29, 2016
- Drexel N. Harris, Dominion Services, Project Director, Educational Institutions Strategic Programs (PDF)
- Zuzana Steen, Micron Technology, Inc., University and Academics Relations Manager (PDF)
- What’s Style Got to Do with It? (PDF) – Facilitating Crucial Conversations with Business Partners for Proper Student Placement, Dr. Megan M. Seibel, Extension Specialist, Virginia Tech
Work-Based Learning Instructional Methods
- Job Shadowing, Karen Bowles, Henrico County Public Schools (PDF)
- Mentorship, Julie Cassetta, Rockingham County Public Schools (PDF)
- Internship, Kathleen Vuono, Virginia Beach City Public Schools (PDF)
- Service Learning, Major Kent Daniel, Orange County Public Schools (PDF)
- Clinical Experience, Dr. Kathryn Mauch and Randall Mangrum, Henrico County Public Schools (PDF)
- Cooperative Education, Teresa Harrington, Virginia Beach City Public Schools (PDF)
- Student Apprenticeship, Todd Cook, Virginia Department of Labor and Industry (PDF)
- Practical Applications of Crucial Conversations, Dr. Megan Seibel, Virginia Tech (PDF)
State & Federal Child Labor Laws
- State Child Labor Laws, Robert Armstrong, Virginia Department of Labor and Industry (PDF)
- State Selected Labor Laws Handout (PDF)
- Federal Child Labor Laws, Carmen Otero-Infante, U. S. Department of Labor (PDF)
Program Specialists’ Update
- Overview of Work-Based Learning Methods of Instruction-This is a PDF document. (PDF) – Print size is 11x17
- Administrative Code and Code of Virginia – Child Labor LawsThis is a PDF document. (PDF)
- Virginia Labor and Employment Law
- Federal Labor and Employment Law for Youth
- Update of Child Labor Regulations for the 21st Century
- Frequently Asked Questions Concerning the Child Labor Law
- Federal and State Labor Laws for Youth Work-Based Learning (Comparison tool)-This is a PDF document. (PDF)
- Cooperative Education Brochure
- Related Web Sites for Work-Based Learning