Hospitality & Tourism encompasses the management, marketing and operations of restaurants and other foodservices, lodging, attractions, recreation events and travel related services.
There should be a greater need for chefs and head cooks as the population grows and people’s incomes increase. It is becoming more common for consumers to demand healthier food at restaurants, cafeterias, and grocery stores, so experienced chefs will be needed to help prepare these meals. Recreation workers lead leisure activities in recreation facilities, including playgrounds, parks, camps, and aquatic centers. As more resources are put toward fighting childhood obesity, more recreation workers will be needed to help guide children through physical activities. The need for food service managers is expected to increase because people will continue to eat out during this time period, so managers will be needed to supervise food establishments.
Employment Projections: 2014-2024*
The Hospitality & Tourism cluster employed approximately 463,000 Virginians in 2014 and is expected to employ about 46,700 more in 2024, for a total of 509,700. Based on Trailblazers calculations using data provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, this represents about 10 percent growth over the decade, which exceeds the anticipated 6 percent average growth nationally among all occupations in this cluster. This cluster is also expected to have over 20,000 job openings within the commonwealth annually, which is the highest number of all clusters.
*NOTE: The methodology for classifying occupations within the cluster/pathway system has been updated since the previous data cycle (2012-22), so 2014-24 Trailblazers employment projection data may not be comparable to data from previous cycles.
For more information on occupations in the Hospitality & Tourism Cluster, visit Trailblazers – Career and Technical Education in Virginia(PDF).
|Selected Occupation(s)||Employed in Virginia
|2015 Median Wage||Predominant Level of Education|
|Cooks, restaurant||28,232||$23,100||High school diploma, certification|
|Supervisors of food service workers||23,921||$30,340||High school diploma|
|Recreation workers||12,626||$23,320||Bachelor's degree|
|Hosts and hostesses, restaurant and related||10,243||$19,180||High school diploma|
|Supervisors of housekeeping workers||8,876||$37,050||High school diploma|
|Bartenders||8,351||$19,530||High school diploma|
|Cooks, institution and cafeteria||8,310||$23,960||High school diploma|
|Cooks, fast food||7,728||$19,080||High school diploma|
|Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks||6,709||$21,040||High school diploma|
|Amusement and recreation attendants||5,891||$19,280||High school diploma|
Wage data: United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2015 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates: Virginia.
Employment projections data: Virginia Employment Commission, Virginia Occupational Employment Projections 2012-2022.
Predominant education level: Trailblazers through the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.
Career Cluster Planning
A resource for counselors, administrators, and educators
CTE Administrative Planning Guide (APG) – includes information to help local school divisions plan and schedule instructional programs. The APG is organized by career clusters, with a complete listing of courses, concentration sequences, and credentials available to students as they plan for career entry and continuing education. Users may access course information by cluster or by searching for specific courses or certifications.
Career Planning Guide – includes an easy way for students and counselors to look for courses to further career goals. One can search for occupations, browse by Career Clusters or favorite academic subjects.
Information and tips for instructional leaders, administrators, counselors and teachers/faculty for creating a career pathway academic and career plan of study.
- Hospitality & Tourism Cluster Information
- Checklist for Developing Career Clusters Plans of Study (Word)
Sample Academic and Career Plans of Study
School divisions are asked to develop sample plans of study based on the courses offered within their schools, the employment needs of the region, and the post-high school educational opportunities needed for these careers. Once these sample plans are developed, they can be customized to the needs of individual students so that all students have the opportunity to have an individualized academic and career plan of study.
Sample Pathway Plans of Study for Hospitality & Tourism:
- Lodging (Word)
- Recreation, Amusements & Attractions (Word)
- Restaurants and Food / Beverage Services (Word)
- Travel & Tourism (Word)
- Blank Plan of Study (with fields) (Word)
Also see Sample Plans of Study for all clusters and pathways.
Report: Education, Employment and Earnings: Analyzing Data from Hospitality & Tourism
Cluster Analysis Document for Virginia
- National Restaurant Association
- American Society of Travel Agents
- Virginia Hospitality and Travel Association
The Career Clusters logo and its extensions are the property of the National Career Technical Foundation, as managed by NASDCTEc. Some content on this page is from the publication, R U College & Career Ready? - 2017 Edition; and is used here with permission from the Virginia Business Publications LLC and Trailblazers in the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.